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INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL

    • Lead

      Cyrus’s technical staff has conducted lead-based paint inspections & risk assessment at single and multi-family dwellings for many years. Clients include local municipalities, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), property owners, buyers and sellers of private and commercial real estate.

      The inspections and risk assessments include LBP identification through the use of XRF testing, assessment of possible pathways such as drinking water and soil, abatement cost estimates and XRF documentation. Administrative controls are managed through an O&M program. This program provides the necessary controls for maintenance and abatement contractor activities involving LBP issues.

    • Asbestos

      Conducts asbestos inspections in accordance with EPA/AHERA regulations. Inspections include identifying suspected asbestos-containing materials (ACMs) and subsequent sampling according to AHERA protocol. Responsible for interpretation of laboratory analytical data and generation of report of findings.

      Cyrus conducts asbestos assessments, helps clients with asbestos management planning, and provides abatement design and monitoring. The assessments include asbestos-containing material (ACM) identification, hazard assessment, cost estimates and associated documentation. Administrative controls can be addressed through an Operation and Maintenance (O&M) program. This program provides our clients with the necessary controls for maintenance and contractor activities involving ACM remediation.

    • Mold, Bacteria & Air Monitoring

      The purpose of mold remediation is to identify and correct the water or moisture problem, remove or clean all contaminated materials ,prevent the spread of contamination to other areas and protect the health and safety of the building occupants. During any remediation, the health of safety and remediation workers must also be priority. In every case of microbial contamination, including mold contamination, the underlying cause of the contamination must be rectified or the growth will recur.

      There are the basic principles of mold remediation. For more thorough discussions of methods, recommendation, and remediation approaches for various level of contamination, see OSHA’s safety and health information Bulletin entitled, “A brief guide to mold in the workplace” (SHIB 03-10-10),(1) which is available at : http://www.osha.gov/dts/shib/shib101003.html.

      Indoor air quality is a growing concern particularly in industrial settings and workspaces. With the increasing amount of time we spend indoors – over 90% according to a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency study — the problems associated with tighter building construction in the interest of conserving energy are exacerbated. Cyrus Environmental Services minutely scrutinizes all aspects of air including humidity, moisture, suspended particles, pollutants, composition, etc. to ensure that the quality of air is safe.

DUE DELIGENCE

  • Phase I ESA
  • Cyrus prepares Phase I ESA, which exceed recognized ASTM standards (E1527-00). Our approach includes a detailed evaluation of current and historic land use, governmental database review, site inspection, interviews, and preparation of a comprehensive report. Cyrus has developed internal assessment protocols, which not only address standard procedures, but also evaluate many other environmental constraints that may impact land use. Mr. Sidibe is responsible for managing, coordinating and conducting Phase I and Transaction Screen Environmental Site Assessments in accordance with ASTM Standards. His experience includes performing on-site inspections, review of historical aerial photographs, title search review, permit and license review, and searches of all county, state and federal records.

  • Preliminary ESA
  • The purpose of a Preliminary Assessment is to identify any potentially contaminated areas of concern a property. In New Jersey Preliminary Assessments are performed as part of an ISRA or for certain LSRP contaminated sites and will follow the Technical Requirements for Site Remediation N.J.A.C. 7:26E. The preliminary assessment will be performed on the subject property to locate, evaluate and assess the potential environmental risk associated with past and current uses of the property. The assessment will summarize any areas of concerns. The scope of work will consist of the following:A history of ownership and operations at the industrial establishment, in tabular form, from the time the site was naturally vegetated or utilized as farmland in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26E-3.1(c)1.I will be performed.

  • Site Investigation
  • The purpose of a site investigation (SI) is to determine if additional remediation is necessary because contaminants are present at the site or area of concern, or because contaminants have emanated or are emanating from the site or area of concern, above any applicable remediation
    standard or criterion.

UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK MANGEMENT

    Cyrus provides complete tank management services for compliance with state and federal regulations. Management services range from evaluation of regulatory compliance to remediation of soil and groundwater, and include:Preparation of registration documents and permit applications to install, substantially modify or close aboveground and underground storage tank (UST) systems.

REMEDIATION DESIGNS

    Many technologies exist for remediating a contaminated site and are specific to each site due to the extent and nature of contamination. Although technologies continue to evolve, there are several well-established remediation methods.

  • Natural Attenuation
  • Soil Excavation
  • On-site and Off-site Treatment and Disposal Options
    • . Solidification/Stabilization
    • . Landfilling and Landfarming
    • . Soil Washing
    • . Thermal Destruction
  • Surface Barriers
    • . Sheet Piles
    • . Chemical Treatment
    • . Physical Treatment
  • Groundwater Treatment
    • . Air stripping
    • . Carbon Adsorption
    • . Biological Treatment
    • . Precipitation/Flocculation/Sedimentation
    • . Oxidation/Reduction

GEOPHYSICAL

  • Ground Penetration Radar
  • Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a geophysical method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface. This nondestructive method uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band (UHF/VHF frequencies) of the radio spectrum, and detects the reflected signals from subsurface structures. GPR can be used in a variety of media, including rock, soil, ice, fresh water, pavements, and undergground storage tanks, and structures. It can detect objects, changes in material, and voids and cracks. GPR uses high-frequency (usually polarized) radio waves and transmits into the ground. When the wave hits a buried object or a boundary with different dielectric constants, the receiving antenna records variations in the reflected return signal. The depth range of GPR is limited by the electrical conductivity of the ground, the transmitted center frequency and the radiated power. As conductivity increases, the penetration depth decreases. This is because the electromagnetic energy is more quickly dissipated into heat, causing a loss in signal strength at depth. Higher frequencies do not penetrate as far as lower frequencies, but give better resolution. Good penetration is also achieved in dry sandy soils or massive dry materials such as granite, limestone, and concrete where the depth of penetration could be up to 49 feet.

BROWNFIELD REDEVELOPMENT

    A “brownfield” property is defined as a property which is environmentally contaminated or perceived to be contaminated and the cost of redevelopment is economically feasible.It is estimated that there are as many as 600,000 brownfield sites within the United States. Most are located in urban areas; however, many may be found in residential and rural areas. Examples of brownfields include former gasoline service stations, manufacturing plants, automobile dealerships and warehouses, as well as large broad areas of a city or town which may comprise several industrial/commercial sites. Brownfield redevelopment requires “remediation,” the process of bringing a property into compliance and quantifying the potential liability of owning a contaminated site.